Τετάρτη, 26 Ιουνίου 2013

Kάκη Πριμηκύρη: Οι ζωολογικοί 'κήποι' υπεύθυνοι για μεταλλάξεις μικροβίων

Στη φύση, υπάρχει αυτό που λέμε "ειδικότητα ξενιστή" - που σημαίνει ότι δεν προσβάλλονται όλα τα είδη από τις ίδιες λοιμώδεις ασθένειες, με άλλα λόγια υπάρχουν είδη ευπαθή και είδη δυσπαθή στους διάφορους παθογόνους μικροοργανισμούς. Η καταστροφή των οικοσυστημάτων και η ρήξη των φυσικών φραγμών της προστασίας από τη μια, και η συνύπαρξη, στους ζωολογικούς κήπους, ζώων από διαφορετικά μέρη ολόκληρου του κόσμου από την άλλη, παραβιάζει φυσικές δικλείδες ασφαλείας και εγκυμονεί κινδύνους μετάδοσης ή και μετάλλαξης - αλλαγής ξενιστή των διαφόρων μικροβίων, με τελικό αποτέλεσμα να απειλούνται όχι μόνον άτομα, αλλά ζωϊκοί και ανθρώπινοι πληθυσμοί και η δημόσια υγεία.

Πριν 2 χρόνια, στο ζωολογικό κήπο του Βούπερταλ της Γερμανίας, οι υπεύθυνοι κτηνίατροι ήρθαν αντιμέτωποι με το θάνατο μιας πολικής αρκούδας και με τη σοβαρή νόσηση μιας δεύτερης. Οι κτηνίατροι προσπάθησαν άμεσα να αντιμετωπίσουν συμπτωματολογικά τη νόσο, ενώ ζήτησαν τη βοήθεια μικροβιολογικού εργαστηρίου για να ανακαλύψουν το αίτιο. Η απάντηση από το εργαστήριο ξάφνιασε αλλά και προβλημάτισε πολλούς, μιας και το αίτιο ήταν ένας ανασυνδιασμένος ερπητοϊός που προήλθε από τις ζέβρες και ήταν ιδιαίτερα λοιμογόνος στον οργανισμό των πολικών αρκούδων, προκαλώντας οξεία νόσο με συμπτώματα εγκεφαλίτιδας...

Διαβάστε περισσότερα:

Πηγή

Δευτέρα, 24 Ιουνίου 2013

New chapter for the welfare of captive wild animals (Bρυξέλλες 19-20 VI 2013)

Expert conference on wild animals in captivity calls for comprehensive action among all stakeholders.
 
Following two-day conference on the welfare of wild animals in captivity, wildlife experts call on the EU to support higher standards for these animals, proper enforcement of existing legislation and adequate training.

From 19-20 June 2013, animal welfare organisations FOUR PAWS and the Born Free Foundation co-hosted a Conference on Wild Animals in Captivity in the EU, Welfare, Law and Enforcement, held in Representation of the State of Lower-Saxony to the EU.

Supported by the NGO Humane Society International (HSI), the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe (FVE) and the European Coalition ENDCAP,  the organisers gathered more than 100 delegates, representing the EU institutions, the Member States, the animal welfare industry, zoos, academia and other interest groups to address this important issue.The aim of the Conference was to share knowledge, discuss problems, examine examples of good practice and identify workable solutions on both an EU and national level aimed at improving the lives of wild animals in captivity.

Delegates agreed that hundreds of thousands of wild animals continue to be housed in poor to appalling conditions, which fail to meet their most basic of needs. Such conditions also cause anguish amongst members of the public who write in their thousands to voice their concerns about the poor welfare standards they witness. Unfortunately until now the response of the authorities has been inconsistent, patchy and, in some cases, absent.

Delegates recognised that the harmonising of minimum welfare standards, an approach that has been applied to farm animals, is also needed for captive wild animals. 

“This Conference has built the foundations of a common European understanding of the human-animal relationship”, says Marlene Wartenberg, Director European Policy Office VIER PFOTEN in Brussels. “The common understanding of animal welfare in Europe has, since the Lisbon Treaty and Article13, recognised animals as sentient beings. A clear ban of wild animals in circuses correlates with this understanding.”

The European Commission has acknowledged this important status by commissioning and issuing the EU Strategy for the Protection and Welfare of Animals 2012-2015, and, for the first time, including provisions for the welfare and protection of wild animals in captivity.

Although the responsibility for regulating animal protection laws resides with each Member States, investigations, such as those undertaken as part of the Born Free Foundation's EU Zoo Inquiry, revealed that Competent Authorities are under-resourced, lack specific knowledge and do not often have the expertise necessary to bring about the changes anticipated by the EU Zoos Directive, shortcoming in capacity that must be talked through training, guidance, the setting of standards and through effective enforcement.

This Conference indicated the measures necessary for the EU to move in the right direction. As a result of the discussions that took place, the delegates have agreed that a new common strategy is needed and a multi-sectoral, multi-stakeholder effort is required to improve the welfare of wild animals in captivity in Europe.

"Europe's forgotten animals, the millions of wild animals that languish in zoos, circuses, rescue centres, sanctuaries and those that are kept as exotic 'pets', are no longer forgotten. From now on, a powerful combination of Member State representatives, EU officials, parliamentarians, wildlife professionals, veterinarians and animal advocates will be leading a concerted effort to secure effective and practical measures to end the suffering. I invite everyone who cares about the plight of captive wild animals to join us", says Will Travers CEO of the Born Free Foundation.

The results of the Conference, presentations and conclusions will soon be available at www.vier-pfoten.eu

Πηγή


FVE president speaking at the VIER PFOTEN/FOUR PAWS / Born Free Foundation, FVE and ENDCAP first conference on the protection of wild animals in captivity in the EU
Πηγή


The EU Animal Welfare Strategy (2012 – 2015) and the Institutions of the European Union recognise that ‘wild animals in captivity’ require greater protection. This inaugural two day Conference is dedicated to this issue.

Representatives from Member State governments, the European Institutions, notable academics, industry experts and animal welfare NGOs, will help this Conference identify workable solutions to improve the lives of wild animals in captivity in the European Union.

An ‘invitation only’ event, all prospective delegates are required to register using this form: Wild animals in captivity Registration form
The Conference agenda is available here

This conference is initiated, fully-funded and hosted by the international animal welfare NGOs, the Born Free Foundation and VIER PFOTEN/FOUR PAWS International, and supported by the Humane Society International (HSI), the European coalition, ENDCAP, and the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe (FVE).BornFree   Vier   Humane Endcap  fve 

Σάββατο, 22 Ιουνίου 2013

Στερεοτυπίες

Τα ζώα στην αιχμαλωσία δεν συμπεριφέρονται φυσιολογικά. Κινούνται αφύσικα και δρούν αυτοκαταστροφικά. Οι εκδηλώσεις τους περιγράφονται επιστημονικά με τον όρο "στερεοτυπική συμπεριφορά" ή "zoochosis": Πρόκειται για μια παθολογική ψυχοδιανοητική κατάσταση, στην οποία καταφεύγουν όλα τα έμψυχα και συναισθανόμενα πλάσματα, όταν βρεθούν αντιμέτωπα με ένα stress που ξεπερνάει σε ένταση τα όρια των αντοχών τους. Καθώς δεν έχουν την δυνατότητα ούτε της άμυνας ούτε και της φυγής, προσπαθούν μάταια, μέσα από τις λεγόμενες "στερεοτυπίες" ("Stereotypy"), να ανακουφιστούν από το αέναο μαρτύριό τους. Οι εικόνες αυτές είναι ανάλογες με εκείνες που θα συναντήσουμε σε ανθρώπινα ιδρύματα ή φυλακές, καθώς επίσης και σε άτομα με διανοητικές και συναισθηματικές αναπηρίες, όπως για παράδειγμα τα αυτιστικά παιδιά.

Στο βίντεο μπορείτε να παρατηρήσετε ένα τζάγκουαρ από το Αττικό Ζωολογικό Πάρκο στα Σπάτα, το οποίο εμφανίζει στερεοτυπική συμπεριφορά.

Περιβαλλοντολόγοι, βιολόγοι και συμπεριφοριστές, καλούνται να πάρουν θέση στη διαμάχη που υπάρχει ανάμεσα σε αυτούς που, για διάφορους λόγους, προσπαθούν να προάγουν τη διατήρηση ζώων σε αιχμαλωσία και σε αυτούς που αγωνίζονται να την καταργήσουν. Τα επιχειρήματα περί επιστημονικής έρευνας και διαφύλαξης των υπό εξαφάνιση ειδών κλονίζονται στις περιπτώσεις κατά τις οποίες τα ζώα γίνονται αντικείμενα οικονομικής εκμετάλλευσης, ενώ διαγράφεται πλέον ξεκάθαρα το σωματικό και ψυχοδιανοητικό status όλων αυτών των πλασμάτων, ένα status τα συμπτώματα του οποίου, στην ψυχιατρική του ανθρώπου, αποδίδονται με τον όρο "στερεοτυπίες".


Ο όρος "zoochosis" αποπειράται να περιγράψει το σύνδρομο, που απαρτίζεται από ένα στερεότυπο σύνολο εκδηλώσεων και ψυχοσωματικών συμπτωμάτων, ένα σύνδρομο το οποίο παρουσιάζεται στα ζώα μέσα από τη διαδικασία στέρησης της ελευθερίας και περιορισμού των κατά φύσιν αμυντικών δυνατοτήτων τους. Πρόκειται για ένα σύνολο συμπτωμάτων που καλούν ηχηρά για βοήθεια, και εκδηλώνονται με τη γλώσσα του σώματος. Όταν βρεθεί αντιμέτωπο με μια απειλή, το κάθε ζωντανό πλάσμα έχει από τη φύση δύο μοναδικές επιλογές: Fight or Flight, τη Mάχη ή τη Φυγή. Τι μπορεί να συμβεί όμως όταν, λόγω συνθηκών, αυτές οι δυνατότητες τού αφαιρεθούν; Όταν ένα έμψυχο ον καλείται να αντιμετωπίσει μιαν απειλή που ξεπερνάει το μέτρο των αντοχών του, τότε, από ολιστική - ομοιοπαθητική άποψη, το παραπάνω σύνδρομο εκφράζει την προσπάθεια της "ζωτικής δύναμης" να αντισταθεί στο χειρότερο: Την βαρειά ψυχοδιανοητική βλάβη, η οποία (αργά ή γρήγορα) θα προκύψει, σαν έσχατη καταφυγή της ζωής, προκειμένου να προστατέψει τον φέροντα από το ακόμα χειρότερο: Τον θάνατο.


Δαγκώνει τα κάγκελα. Γλείφεται. Βηματίζει άσκοπα. Στρίβει αφύσικα το λαιμό του. Μερικές φορές κάνει εμετό. Γυρίζει γύρω γύρω σε κύκλους. Λικνίζει το κεφάλι του. Ταλαντεύεται σε επαναλαμβανόμενες στερεότυπες κινήσεις. "Παίζει" με τα περιττώματά του - μερικές φορές τα τρώει κιόλας. Άλλοτε σταματά να περιποιείται τον εαυτό του και άλλοτε πλένεται διαρκώς. Αυτοτραυματίζει τα μέλη του σώματός του. Αυτές οι δέκα βασικές χαρακτηριστικές εκδηλώσεις (και όχι μόνον) έχουν καταγραφεί κατά την παρατήρηση ζώων που εκδηλώνουν το σύνδρομο του stress της αιχμαλωσίας. Στο βίντεο που ακολουθεί μπορείτε να δείτε λευκές τίγρεις από το Αττικό Ζωολογικό Πάρκο στα Σπάτα οι οποίες εμφανίζουν στερεοτυπίες.

Ψυχίατροι, ανθρωπολόγοι, κοινωνιολόγοι και συμπεριφοριστές επισημαίνουν ότι, όσον αφορά στα συμπτώματα και στη αιτιολογία αυτού του συνδρόμου, παρουσιάζονται σημαντικές ομοιότητες ανάμεσα στα ζώα και στους ανθρώπους. Στα πλαίσια της ψυχοπαθολογίας του ανθρώπου, το σύνδρομο περιγράφεται με τον όρο "Νεύρωση Ιδρυματοποίησης" και απαντάται στα άσυλα και στις φυλακές. Στην κατάσταση της αιχμαλωσίας, τόσο τα ζώα όσο και οι άνθρωποι, υφίστανται μία επιδρομή από στρεσσογόνους παράγοντες που αποτελούν την γενεσιουργό αιτιολογία αυτής της διαταραχής. Οι παράγοντες αυτοί συνίστανται σε μια σειρά απωλειών (απώλεια του οικείου περιβάλλοντος και των κατά φύσιν κοινωνικών ομάδων, απώλεια ελέγχου της ζωής του φέροντος κλπ), καθώς επίσης και σε μια σειρά ισχυρών πιέσεων και επιβολών, όπως η στέρηση της ζωτικής έκφρασης, ο εξαναγκασμός σε αδράνεια, και η παραβίαση της κατά φύσιν λειτουργικής ευρυθμίας με τη χορήγηση διαφόρων φαρμακευτικών ουσιών.

Άγρια ζώα φυλακισμένα σε κλουβιά, σε ξένο περιβάλλον με τεχνητό φωτισμό και παρά φύσιν σίτιση, με άγνωστους και ανοίκειους για την αντιληπτική ικανότητα ήχους και χρώματα, και με υπερβολική εγγύτητα ξένων ειδών και επισκεπτών, δεν μπορεί παρά - αργά ή γρήγορα - να αρρωστήσουν: Από ολιστική - ομοιοπαθητική (και όχι μόνον) άποψη, η λεγόμενη "zoochosis" είναι δείγμα ότι ένα ζώο είναι άρρωστο, και μάλιστα σοβαρά, στο βαθύτερο ψυχοδιανοητικό επίπεδο της ασθένειας.

Η δυστυχία των ζώων στους ζωολογικούς κήπους (ακόμη και στους εξ αυτών θεωρούμενους "ιδανικούς") και στα τσίρκα είναι κάτι ιδιαίτερα συνηθισμένο, ειδικά όταν οι "κρατούμενοι" ανήκουν σε είδη υψηλής πολυπλοκότητας και ευφυίας. Το θέμα αυτό, αντικείμενο πολλών συγγραμμάτων και μελετών, παρουσιάζει ιδιαίτερο ενδιαφέρον για όλους όσους καλούνται να απασχοληθούν επαγγελματικά με ζώα που ζούν σε ανάλογο καθεστώς (εκπαιδευτές, βιολόγοι, κτηνίατροι κλπ) αλλά, κατά τη γνώμη μας, και για έναν επιπλέον λόγο: Η ομοιότητα και ο κοινός παρανομαστής που χαρακτηρίζει όλες τις εξελιγμένες μορφές ζωής αποτελεί μία βιο-ηθική πρόκληση όσον αφορά στη θέση που εμείς οι άνθρωποι καλούμαστε να λάβουμε ως προς την μεταχείρηση και την αντιμετώπιση των άλλων ειδών με τα οποία μοιραζόμαστε αυτόν τον πλανήτη.

Πηγή: Εναλλακτική Κτηνιατρική Κατά Φύσιν, τεύχος 39 -- Οκτώβριος - Δεκέμβριος 2010

Βorn Free, ΕNDCAP, Arcturos: The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011

Eu Zoo inquiry

Welcome to The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011 official website



Όπως αποδεικνύει τριετής έρευνα για 200 ζωολογικούς κήπους 21 χωρών της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης, που διενήργησε η Born Free Foundation σε συνεργασία με το Πανευρωπαϊκό Δίκτυο Οργανώσεων για τον Τερματισμό της Αιχμαλωσίας των Άγριων Ζώων (ENDCAP) και τον ΑΡΚΤΟΥΡΟ, οι ζωολογικοί κήποι δεν κατορθώνουν να διασφαλίσουν ένα βιώσιμο περιβάλλον για τα άγρια ζώα που φιλοξενούν, ενώ τόσο η νομοθεσία όσο και η εφαρμογή της είναι εξαιρετικά ανεπαρκής. Δείτε εδώ τις έρευνες για κάθε χώρα της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης και εδώ την Έρευνα που αφορά όλους τους ζωολογικούς κήπους της Ελλάδας.  

This investigation is part of an extensive EU-wide project that involves 21 EU countries and a total of 200 zoos.
The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011 has been conducted by the Born Free Foundation, in association with the European coalition, ENDCAP. It is an independent study evaluating the implementation and enforcement of the EC Directive 1999/22, relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos, which was fully implemented in EU Member States (25) in 2005 (and 2007 in Bulgaria and Romania). The Directive requires all zoos (as defined) to be licensed and controlled through regular inspection, to ensure they are engaged in activities to conserve biodiversity, educate the public and maintain high standards in animal welfare. The investigation, which has included a review of national law, law enforcement and compliance in a selected number of zoos in 21 EU Member States, has identified inconsistencies in application and substandard conditions in zoos, which is primarily due to a lack of knowledge and training of enforcement personnel and zoo operators to ensure an understanding of the legal requirements of the Directive.
As a result of this work, the European Commission has agreed to provide additional training to veterinarians in fundamental and applied animal welfare science, as well as to meet Born Free’s main request to develop a ‘best practice’ zoo guide to assist Member States and zoo operators to meet the legal requirements. Born Free continues to produce country reports, as a result of the investigations, which will be available online once published.


   

Marino, Lilienfeld, Malamud, Nobis, Brogliod: Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? A Critical Evaluation of the American Zoo and Aquarium Study

orca whales in captivity
φωτο

by Lori Marino (a),
Scott O. Lilienfeld (a), Randy Malamud (b), Nathan Nobis (c), Ron Brogliod (d)

a Emory University
lmarino@emory.edu
b Georgia State University
c Morehouse College
d Arizona State University

Διαβάστε ολόκληρο το άρθρο εδώ.
Περίληψη
Οι ζωολογικοί κήποι και τα ενυδρία αυτοπροβάλονται ως κέντρα που παρέχουν εκπαίδευση στο κοινό τους και σώζουν την άγρια ζωή. Μια πρόσφατη μελέτη, η οποία διενεργήθηκε από την Αμερικανική Ένωση Ζωολογικών Κήπων και Ενυδρείων (American Zoo and Aquarium Association, ΑΖΑ) (Falk et al., 2007), παρουσιάζεται ως η πρώτη που αποδεικνύει ότι οι επισκέψεις σε ζωολογικούς κήπους και ενυδρεία επιδρούν θετικά στην συμπεριφορά των ανθρώπων απέναντι στα ζώα. Στο άρθρο αυτό αποδεικνύουμε αν τα συμπεράσματα της συγκεκριμένης μελέτης είναι σωστά τεκμηριωμένα αναλύοντας την ορθότητα της μεθοδολογίας που χρησιμοποιήθηκε.
Συμπεραίνουμε ότι η μελέτη των Falk et al., (2007) έχει τουλάχιστον έξι μεθοδολογικά ατοπήματα που υπονομεύουν την ορθότητα των συμπερασμάτων. Έτσι δεν απομένει κάποια απόδειξη για τον ισχυρισμό ότι οι ζωολογικοί κήποι και τα ενυδρεία συμβάλλουν στην αλλαγή της συμπεριφοράς, της μόρφωσης ή του ενδιαφέροντος για την προστασία της φύσης στους επισκέπτες τους. Περαιτέρω έρευνα σε ορθή μεθοδολογική βάση συνιστάται.


Abstract
Modern-day zoos and aquariums market themselves as places of education and conservation. A recent study conducted by the American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) (Falk et al., 2007) is being widely heralded as the first direct evidence that visits to zoos and aquariums produce long-term positive effects on people’s attitudes toward other animals. In this paper, we address whether this conclusion is warranted by analyzing the study’s methodological soundness.
We conclude that Falk et al. (2007) contains at least six major threats to methodological validity that undermine the authors’ conclusions. There remains no compelling evidence for the claim that zoos and aquariums promote attitude change, education, or interest in conservation in visitors, although further investigation of this possibility using methodologically sophisticated designs is warranted.


Το καταφύγιο της αγριόγατας: Όχι άλλα άγρια ζώα ως κατοικίδια (πρόγραμμα για παιδιά)


φωτο
 
Υπάρχουν τόσα πράγματα που μπορούν να κάνουν τα παιδιά για να βοηθήσουν τα άγρια ζώα. Εδώ θα βρείτε μια λίστα με δραστηριότητες για να ξεκινήσετε. Αν έχετε δικές σας ιδέες θα χαρούμε πολύ να τις μοιραστείτε μαζί μας. Δείτε περισσότερα εδώ.

Δραστηριότητες
drawing_by_junior_advocate

Guess the cat eyes

Fun wild cat facts

Lion coloring template

Tiger stencil

Tiger coloring sheet

 enrichment

Make enrichment for the cats

firehose hammock

Learn how to make a fire hose hammock

wild_cat_den

Instructions on how to build a bobcat den

Kids helping wild cats booklet

Keep the Wild in Your Heart, Not Your Home Booklet

 Δείτε περισσότερα εδώ.

 
Πηγή

Educational Videos




Cats at Play Videos




Many Ways for Kids to Help Wild Animals

No_More_Wild_Pets_Kids

NMWP_red_heart_white_LR
  • Encourage everyone you know to adopt a pet from a local shelter.  Since almost 4 million pets die every year in shelters, it’s up to us to make sure more of our friends and family adopt appropriate pets, and do not buy wild animals.  Never shop at pet stores or at breeders when you’re looking for a pet.  Share the slogan “Adopt – don’t Shop!”
  •  Be sure your pet is spayed or neutered so he/she doesn’t have babies.  We have plenty of pets that already need homes, so don’t create more.
  • Always be sure your pet is micro-chipped and wearing an identification collar.  If they should become lost, they don’t know how to explain where they came from.  That’s up to you to do for them.
  • Never be shy about showing your kindness to animals.  Be a role model to your friends by letting them know how important it is to you that all animals be treated well, whether they’re lizards, snakes, cats, dogs, bunnies, deer, birds, etc.
  • Don’t go to circuses, traveling exhibits in malls, or fairs that use wild animals.  This is no way of life for a wild animal.  Be sure to let everyone know why you won’t be going, either.  If you speak up to your friends and adults around you, they’ll listen.
  • You may be tempted to have your picture taken with a baby wild animal or even pet a wild animal.  Don’t do it!  If you do, you encourage more and more of these baby animals to be born.  Most have no place to go when they grow up.
  • If your school talks about bringing in a wild animal for display, for you to touch and play with, let them know this is wrong.  If every school did this, it would mean more and more baby wild animals would be born. That’s why there are already so many homeless wild animals.  Too many people have taken them around, using them when they’re small, for what they call education. It’s not education, though, so tell your school and teachers not to do this.
  • There are so many books and nature shows about wild animals.  Learn as much as you can so you can be a voice for the animals.  The animals are counting on you to speak for them.
  • Don’t ever wear anything that is made from fur or animal skins.  With fleece and nice thick jackets, we don’t need to wear animal’s fur anymore to stay warm.  If you are in a store where they’re selling fur, be sure to go up and speak to the employees there and tell them they shouldn’t do this. The way animals die when their fur is stripped from them is very cruel.
  • Every city or county has an animal abuse line.  Be sure to keep it handy and call it if you ever see anyone mistreating an animal or if you see someone with a wild animal they’re trying to keep as a pet.
  • Use your computer to email your representatives in Congress to ask that they support laws to protect wild animals and not allow wild animals as pets.  You can find who represents your family : http://www.usa.gov/Contact/Elected.shtml
  • If someone takes you to the zoo, ask where the animals stay when the zoo closes for the night and if you can see it.  If your zoo is celebrating some new baby wild animals there, ask them where do the older animals go to make room for them?
  • Always be sure to pick up litter, especially plastic bags, bottles, and wrappers.  Wild animals don’t know this isn’t food and many of them will die if they eat the garbage we leave behind.
  • Try to eat as many meals as you can that include fruits, vegetables, nuts, and grains.  The less meat you eat, the more land is available for wild animals to live on.  They need their wild habitat and you can help give it back to them.
  • Visit your local shelter or wildlife sanctuary to learn how you can help the animals by volunteering or holding fundraising events to help pay for their food and care.
  • Instead of presents for your next birthday, why not have a “wild” animal party and ask all your friends to bring along donations for your favorite wild animal sanctuary.  We hope it’s The Wildcat Sanctuary!
  • Bake sales, car washes, walk-a-mile fundraising events all help when you donate the money you earn to a wildlife sanctuary.  Sanctuaries struggle to raise money to house, feed, and care for homeless animals.  You can be a huge help by coming up with fun ways to buy treats and necessary items for the animals.

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRVolunteer & Learn at the Same Time

No matter what age you are or what grade you’re in, there are so many ways you can volunteer for animals and make that part of your learning, too.  We’ve listed lots of different school projects you can do that will help promote the goals of our No More Wild Pets program and, many times, you can get school credit for these, too!  Talk to your teachers and professors to see if they’ll include them in their lesson plans so many more students can participate and help.

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRART PROJECTS – VISUAL OR INDUSTRIAL

Painting, sculpture, photography, film, woodworking, graphic design, etc.
  • Paint the walls of the shelter, creating rooms with animals painted on the walls or an educational mural in a public area
  • Build climbing toys for cats
  • Create a video of shelter activities (e.g., a series of public service announcements for local TV spots or off-site presentations)
  • Make posters advertising the organization and special events
  • Create animal portraits or “paw print” art as a fundraiser
  • Create a film or video on proper pet care that can be shown to shelter visitors or other students
  • Build a magazine rack, shelving, cabinets, etc., for the shelter lobby or storage areas
  • Design, form, and paint receptacles for use in public venues as collection “boxes” for donations (can be made of wood, plaster, ceramic, etc., but should all have a theme centered around animals, whether in the actual shape of the containers themselves or in the motif applied to them)
  • Collect old and take new photographs of dogs and cats in different places, poses and situations. Place them in mats and frames along the walls in the shelter lobby and other public places. Whether dramatic, poignant, or cute, the photographs should make an impact, tell a story, or relate a specific message.
  • Create drawings, take photographs, or select photographs for use in organization’s website and publications such as brochures and newsletters/fliers
  • Submit original art for the organization’s fundraising calendar
  • Build benches, bookshelves, and other furniture for a children’s reading area in a public area at facility
  • Take before-and-after pictures of pets that have had major grooming make-overs and frame them for display in the entrance lobby
  • Video record or create a slideshow of the shelter in a tour-style fashion to be played at off-site presentations
  • Paint paw prints on the floor of the front lobby leading in the direction of the adoption areas
  • Assist in creation of humane education props such as designing and cutting out felt story board characters
  • Organize a coloring contest for younger children and help them with their projects
  • Design promotional items such as bumper stickers and t-shirts to be used at adoption events
  • Design and make leash holders or food bowl stands in metal or shop class to be auctioned or sold as a fundraiser
  • Sculpt bowls, vases, jewelry, etc., to sell as a fundraiser

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRBUSINESS – MARKETING

  • Create a plan and materials for a public awareness campaign concerning spay/neuter, licensing, fundraising, etc.
  • Create a catchy slogan for the shelter to be put on t-shirts, magnets, or bumper stickers
  • Brainstorm fundraising ideas to raise money for the shelter; plan community events; create activities and assist with marketing
  • Assist with writing grants (teens can do research and can write outlines or even rough drafts of grants)
  • Schedule meetings with various real estate agents, small business owners, veterinary clinics, and community service organizations to solicit sponsorships and partnerships
  • Contact local radio stations to inquire about live remote shows during organization events
  • Make bandanas that have shelter’s name, address, and phone for the adoptable pets to wear (dogs can be taken to walk-a-thons, the park, etc.)
  • Set up a shelter information booth at county fairs and other community events to market organization
  • Write public service announcements concerning topics that are important to the community
  • Create an ad for the local newspaper or magazine promoting organization events
  • Market and sell a book created by youth or the shelter, which educates about proper companion animals to adopt.
  • Conduct a “movie theater” showing half-hour videos on humane education topics
  • Distribute fliers in libraries, grocery stores, and privately owned businesses; pamphlets can either be generalized regarding responsible pet ownership or can relate to the shelter’s policies, programs, and/or needs

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRDRAMA – THEATER

  • Form a theater group in which the students perform for other classes or give demonstrations at the shelter; the demonstrations can include proper pet care tips (These skits can be taped and used in schools or community organizations.)
  • Develop and perform puppet shows centered around a theme pertaining to No More Wild Pets, humane education, responsible pet care, or the life of an animal in the shelter; book time at school assemblies, First Night celebrations, holiday pageants in the mall, kids camps, etc.

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRLANGUAGE ARTS

English, reading, literature, writing, speaking
  • Develop and present humane education presentations for students their age and younger
  • Read current events on animal and environmental issues and write to elected officials, newspapers, newsletters, etc., to express opinion
  • Review books and create a list of humane books for various grades levels
  • Write poems or short stories about animals, nature, wildlife, working in the animal shelter, etc.; collect the poems into an anthology to be placed in the library or shelter as an educational tool
  • Form reading circles in organization’s conference room, local elementary schools, after school programs, youth groups, and church groups in which students read to younger children; conduct reading hour with a humane book at library or organization
  • Write lyrics for jingles promoting the adoption of shelter animals on local radio stations; ask stations to play them as public service announcements
  • Collaborate with the drama students and write script for humane themed plays; present these to the community or younger grades
  • Write animal descriptions or individual “stories” to attach to cages for each pet available for adoption; write “happy ending” adoption stories for shelter website
  • Write and present an educational speech to be given in conjunction with a spay/neuter campaign or other humane education topic
  • Write and design educational booklets to be handed out in conjunction with shelter tours
  • Facilitate an elementary school essay contest and act as a judge
  • Research different animals and their habitats, in books and online; create a picture book highlighting the animals (These can be displayed in the lobby or sold.)
  • Write a children’s book dealing with proper care of domestic animals or respect for wildlife. These can be given to schools, placed in the shelter lobby, or sold. (This could develop into a larger Business/Publishing project.)

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRHEALTH – PHYSICAL EDUCATION

  • Develop a presentation, pamphlet, or video on health benefits associated with pet ownership, to be shared in the community or as a public service announcement
  • Organize a community walking program such as “Walk Your Dog in the Park” day and log heart rates of both humans and companion animals
  • Plan or participate in a pet walk to raise funds for the organization
  • Create a pet agility class that provides activities for kids/pets
  • Create, plan, and present public education seminars on animal health. Cover topics such as weight management, proper nutrition and special needs diets, heartworm prevention and treatment, grooming, the importance of vaccinations, etc.
  • Create pet first aid kits or emergency evacuation kits to be distributed to the public
  • Research and develop a diet program for older or diabetic pets at the shelter
  • Organize a pet health fair at shelter, school, or community center

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRLIVING SKILLS

  • Research and design a pamphlet or public service announcement comparing the care, time, and money required for babies and companion animals to promote an understanding of the responsibilities associated with owning an animal for life.  Promote No More Wild Pets as the theme.
  • Work with the animal shelter, local food bank, schools, and veterinarians to set up a program where donations of pet food and care products are raised to help families in need
  • Sew cat toys and animal beds for homeless companion animals
  • Research organizations, scholarships, funds and other avenues of financial aid available for spay/neuter; compile list for those in need of assistance
  • Make pet food/treats for shelter animals; research any health benefits to homemade food/treats rather than store bought food/treats
  • Socialize litters of kittens and puppies and keep a “socialization journal” to allow potential adopters to track progress and see what the animal has learned or how they have progressed
  • Create various companion animal care fliers/posters that can be given to the public
  • Create and maintain a feeding schedule for sheltered animals
  • Hold fundraising dinner where students learn dish place settings, food preparation, budgeting, and the benefits of a vegetarian diet
  • Measure amount of fencing, wall board, etc. that is needed to build animal housing for use by an animal sheltering organization or animal control officers

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRMATHEMATICS – STATISTICS

  • Collect data and develop a presentation or public service announcement concerning pet overpopulation, the benefits of spay/neuter, and the Captive Wildlife Crisis
  • Research and collect data for organization use (e.g., spay/neuter, the number of registered animals in the community, dog bites, stray dogs, number of pets in household, etc.)
  • Research the cost of a license versus the fees when ticketed for compliance failure and the statistics of licensed pets who are returned to owners; create a flier to promote licensing of pets
  • Develop statistical charts and graphs to illustrate numbers of animals brought in to the shelter, numbers adopted, average age and stay of animals, number of wild animal accredited sanctuaries, etc.; can be used by staff and for educational purposes
  • Create an age appropriate feeding schedule for animals and measure appropriate amounts of food for each animal
  • Learn about animal cruelty laws in your state; create a community flier showing the statistical connection between those who hurt animals and those who hurt

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRMUSIC

Choir, marching band, jazz band, orchestra
  • Coordinate or perform in a musical concert or dance as a fundraiser
  • Write music to accompany shelter radio jingles, videos, PowerPoint presentations, or public service announcements; facilitate the performance and recording of jingles
  • Sing or play music at outreach events
  • Write songs that teach children about proper pet care and appropriate pet choices for use in humane education lessons
  • Create a classical music mix CD to be played in animal areas to help ease stress
  • Work with school athletic boosters to dedicate a halftime show to the presentation of adoptable companion animals
  • Create a music CD to be sold as fundraiser

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRSCIENCE

Biology, chemistry, physics, earth science, ecology
  • Research the wildlife at a sanctuary or waterway and create a lesson for younger students about the importance of protecting habitats and endangered species
  • Create a habitat at the school, park, or shelter to attract wildlife, insects, or birds and learn the benefits of these species
  • Research the ways in which people can cope with and conquer their allergies to pet dander; include medicines, homeopathics, air filtration systems, and foods; create a brochure to help allergy sufferers and for public information in order to encourage adoptions
  • Learn about the needs of various wildlife species and develop plans to enhance environments at local wildlife center or rehabilitation center
  • Research eco-systems and companion animal friendly plants; landscape the shelter after learning appropriate plants for climate, size, area, foot traffic, etc.
  • Hold a park clean up to benefit wildlife; research indigenous animals and plants
  • Research animal and eco-friendly products and create a directory of products for shelter and public use
  • Research indigenous animals and hold a walk through a park with guides telling about the animals (funds raised benefit wildlife organizations)

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRSOCIAL STUDIES

History, government, geography, psychology, sociology
  • Write to state legislators to express opinions on bills concerning humane issues and to encourage an end to breeding wild animals
  • Study state legislature voting records on humane topics and prepare leaflets so the community knows where a candidate stands on issues based on past votes
  • Study the origin and importance of animal related laws, such as leash laws, licensing laws, captive wildlife, etc., and create a public service announcement
  • Study local, state, and federal laws and other nations’ legislation concerning humane and anti-cruelty laws, wild animals in circuses and traveling exhibitions, ownership of captive exotics.  Present findings to other high school students
  • Research the history of the shelter or sanctuary and create a timeline to be placed in the lobby and/or create a history scrap book to be placed at events
  • Research animal advocates of the past (such as George Angell, Mahatma Gandhi, Leo Tolstoy, Thomas Paine, or Abraham Lincoln) and create a book of quotes to be placed in shelter lobby or at educational events
  • Study the connection between abuse of animals and interpersonal violence (use historical documents and court cases); write letters to the editor concerning the connection or create a public service announcement
  • Research and write about how animal treatment in the U.S. differs from other countries and create a display for local schools or the public library

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION – COMPUTER

  • Assist with web publishing for organization; help create a teens or kids page
  • Upload photos, videos, and descriptions of adoptable pets to websites such as petfinder.com and pets911.com
  • Create a Facebook, MySpace, and/or other online social networking pages for the shelter
  • Help update databases for the sanctuary or shelter
  • Create and produce public service announcements concerning No More Wild Pets program.  Share these widely on social media
  • Create an online book for young people and post on organization’s website
  • Create PowerPoint presentations or slide shows to be used by the shelter or sanctuary in public education

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRWORLD LANGUAGES – ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

  • Translate sanctuary or shelter literature, videos, humane education materials, etc., into other languages to make the literature more accessible to those for whom English is not their first language
  • Design fliers and posters to post in neighborhood schools and community center where Spanish (or other language) is the primary language
  • Research animal protection issues and organizations in different countries and explore the need for translators in those areas
  • Create a public awareness campaign for the local shelter written in another language or using pictures for non-readers
  • Participate in mobile spay/neuter clinic as a translator
  • Present seminars on humane education (e.g., spay/neuter) to non-English speakers
A special thank you goes out to all of the humane educators who contributed to this list. If you do any of these projects, or if you have an idea for a service learning project that’s not listed here, please let us know at www.wildcatsanctuary.org! 

NMWP_red_heart_white_LRTEACHERS

There is a wealth of excellent lesson plans, for all ages and grade levels, that teach humane, compassionate behavior toward animals.  Be sure to look them over at : http://www.humanesociety.org/parents_educators/lesson_plans_for_teachers.html
One of our favorite lesson plans is called “Wild or Tame?”  It can be found at: www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/parents_educators/wild_or_tame.pdf
You’ll also find Humane Worksheets for teachers by visiting this helpful link: http://www.humanesociety.org/parents_educators/classroom/printable_worksheets.html

I’VE ADOPTED AN APPROPRIATE PET,

NOW WHAT?

No_More_Wild_Pets_boy
Good for you!
Now that you’ve brought your special friend home, it’s time to make sure you do everything to make sure your pet is happy and healthy.  Our friends at Best Friends Animal Society have an excellent website where you’ll find answers to all the questions that may come up as you enjoy your new pet.
 Visit their Pet Care Library at:   http://www.bestfriends.org/theanimals/petcare/
You can learn all about the following helpful topics on their website:

Getting Started

Diet

Health

Behavior & Training

What to Do in an Emergency

Living with Pets

Grieving Your Pet

Miscellaneous

Best Friends Animal Society also has a page that provides answers to the most frequently-asked questions about animal issues.  You’ll want to keep this website handy as you and your pet spend lots of time together!
It features lots of useful topics, such as:

Finding a new home for your pet

DOG RELATED ISSUES
CAT RELATED ISSUES

HAPPY ENDINGS FOR ALL!

NMWP girl
Now that you’ve taken the pledge for No More Wild Pets, you’ve helped make sure thatfewer and fewer animals will suffer or become homeless.
Enjoy your time with your pet and make sure you help spread the word so many more animals find a happy ending – just like yours did!
- See more at: http://www.wildcatsanctuary.org/education/programs-for-kids/#sthash.fhXMXPV4.dpuf

 

PETA: Zωολογικοί κήποι: Η αρχή του τέλους [People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: "Ζοοs: An Idea Whose Time Has Come and Gone"]



Πρωτότυπο κείμενο: Zoos: An Idea Whose Time Has Come and Gone (by PETA: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals)

Μάς λένε πόσο καλά τα φροντίζουν και πόσο πολύ τ' αγαπούν. Πόσο καθαρός και πόσο ευρύχωρος είναι ο ζωολογικός τους κήπος. Όμως, στην προκειμένη περίπτωση, αυτό δεν είναι το θέμα μας. Οι ζωολογικοί κήποι το ξέρουν πολύ καλά ότι τίποτα δεν έχει τόση δύναμη να προσελκ...
ύσει πελατεία, όσο τα νεογέννητα μωρά. Και τα αναπαραγωγικά προγράμματα, που συνήθως πραγματοποιούνται με το πρόσχημα της διατήρησης των ειδών, αναπόφευκτα καταλήγουν σε ένα πλεόνασμα από ενήλικα ή υπερήλικα άτομα που δεν ευχαριστιέται ούτε να τα βλέπει αλλά ούτε και να τα έχει κανείς. Οι ανταλλαγές, οι πωλήσεις και οι δανεισμοί είναι συνεπώς μέσα στο πρόγραμμα για τα ανεπιθύμητα ζώα, που συχνά "αποθηκεύονται" παραπεταμένα σε κάποια γωνιά, χωρίς φροντίδα μέχρι να πεθάνουν. Οι "μεσάζοντες" πολύ συχνά αναλαμβάνουν να τα πουλήσουν σε δευτεροκλασάτες συλλογές ή περιοδεύοντα τσίρκα. Στη χειρότερη περίπτωση, κάποια από τα ζώα αυτά ενδέχεται να καταλήξουν να γίνουν ακόμα και στόχοι κυνηγών σε ανάλογες λέσχες για το "σπορ" αυτού του είδους. Κάποια άλλα, πολύ απλά, πωλούνται στα σφαγεία. Την επόμενη αναπαραγωγική περίοδο, άλλα μωρά θα έρθουν στον κόσμο για να ικανοποιήσουν τις καταναλωτικές προτιμήσεις του φιλοθεάμονος φιλοζωϊκού κοινού...

Mετάφραση στα Ελληνικά
Filikaki Tataimou
κτηνίατρος

Παρασκευή, 21 Ιουνίου 2013

Zoos and circuses (video)

Tigers, Circo Roma
φωτο
 
This video exposes the reality of life for circus animals, showing the confinement and deprivation endured by animals on the road as well as the violence inflicted on them behind the scenes. The video also pinpoints the dangers of keeping animals in travelling menageries and how the public are put at risk. To find out more about Animal Defenders International's circus campaign in Greece please visit http://www.ad-international.org/anima... 
 

The animals in this video were observed at zoos in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Romania as part of The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011, an extensive investigation conducted by the Born Free Foundation, in association with the European coalition ENDCAP, involving 200 zoos in 21 EU countries.
  
A million or more wild animals languish in Europe's zoos, circuses and dolphinaria or are kept as pets. ENDCAP is a pan-European initiative to seek improve the conditions for these animals to ensure their basic needs are met. More at http://www.bornfree.org.uk
 


CAPS supporter, Donovan So, created this video for his school project, & he said we could share it with you. Donovan wanted to highlight the plight of animals in captivity. His video focuses on circuses and zoos.